Prevention strategies designed to reduce individual risk factors for and/or the use of substances and gambling behaviors. These individuals do not meet criteria for substance abuse or dependence, or pathological gambling, but they may be exhibiting symptoms of early involvement.
Designed for all persons in a population group, these are programs and messages appropriate to the group aimed at preventing the use of substances and gambling behaviors. Typically they will focus on increasing awareness of the issue, changing behavioral norms and helping students develop the social and other life skills necessary to prevent initiation of the problem behaviors.
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Generally provided at the request of district administration in response to identified issues or concerns. Recently we developed an “Inhalant Awareness” presentation for staff, which was also made available to the public. We have done similar work in the past with underage drinking, building student resiliency, etc. We have also helped district administration, staff and parents interpret the results of Essex County’s bi-annual student survey.
Prevention activities which target support to specific groups – out of a total population - that are deemed to be at higher risk for substance use, abuse and/or problem gambling behavior by virtue of their membership in a particular population segment. For example, research shows us that recent high school dropouts are at higher risk, as are children of substance abusing parents, spouses/partners of individuals in addiction treatment, older adults who take medication and consume alcohol, etc. This is NOT a measure or assessment of an individual’s personal risk.